Vol. 46 (x): 2020 March 3.[Ahead of print]

doi: 10.1590/S1677-5538.IBJU.2019.0210


Guo Xiao-Bin 1, Wu Fang-Lei 2, Xia Hui 1, Yang Cheng 1, Cai Zhi-Xuan 1, Huang Zhi-Peng 1, Liu Cun-Dong 1, Guo Wen-Bin 1
1 Department of Urology, The third affiliated hospital of Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510630, P.R. China; 2 Department of Stomatology, The twelfth People’s Hospital of Guangzhou, Guangzhou, Guangdong 528000, P.R. China


Objective: Recently, several studies have found that obesity had a protective effect against varicocele, but no meta-analysis has confirmed this finding. Therefore, we conducted this meta-analysis to investigate the association between body mass index (BMI) and varicocele.
Material and Methods: We searched for studies in PubMed, Science Direct and the Cochrane Library from inception until February 2018. The association between BMI and varicocele was assessed by pooling the odds ratios (ORs).
Results: Eleven eligible studies with a total study population of 1.376.658 participants were included in our analysis. According to BMI, the subjects were defined as belonging to the obese, overweight and underweight groups. Our results showed that the obese group had a lower risk of varicocele when compared with the normal weight group (odds ratio [OR] 0.46, 95% confidence intervals [CIs] 0.37-0.58). Additionally, an overweight BMI had a protective effect against varicocele (OR 0.70, 95% CIs, 0.56-0.86). However, underweight patients had a more than 30% higher risk of varicocele (OR 1.31, 95% CI, 1.04-1.64). Furthermore, there was no publication bias in any of the analyses.
Conclusions: Our study demonstrates that BMI is negatively associated with the presence of varicocele.

Keywords: Varicocele; Meta-Analysis [Publication Type]; Body Mass Index

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