Vol. 45 (6): 1270-1274, November – December, 2019
Pablo Garrido Abad 1, Luis Garcia Martin 1, Karen Villar Zarra 2, Ariel Diaz Menendez 2, Manuel Fernandez Arjona 1
1 Department of Urology, Hospital Universitario del Henares, Coslada, Universidad Francisco de Vitoria, Madrid, Spain; 2 Department of Pathology, Hospital Universitario del Henares, Coslada, Universidad Francisco de Vitoria, Madrid, Spain
Bladder cancer is a common cancer that may present as superfi cial, invasive, or metastatic disease. Non‐muscle‐invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) represents the majority of bladder cancer diagnoses, but represents a spectrum of disease with a variable clinical course, notably for signifi cant risk of recurrence and potential for progression. NMIBC metastasis to distant organs without local invasion or regional metastasis is a very rare occurrence, so there are limited case reports about early metastasis in the literature.
Keywords: Urinary Bladder Neoplasms; Neoplasm Metastasis; Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms