Intraoperative serious complications of laparoscopic urological surgeries: a single institute experience of 4,380 procedures

Vol. 45 (4): 739-746, July – August, 2019

doi: 10.1590/S1677-5538.IBJU.2018.0601


ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Ju Guo 1, Zhigang Zeng 1, Runfu Cao 1, Jieping Hu 1
1 Department of Urology, The First Affi liated Hospital of Nanchang University, Nanchang, Jiangxi, China

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to share a single institute experience of 4,380 procedures about in-traoperative serious complications of laparoscopic urological surgeries. From January 2005 to December 2013, 4,380 cases of laparoscopic urological surgeries were recruited in our department. The distribution, incidence, and characteristics of intraoperative serious complications were retrospectively sorted out and analyzed. The surgeries were divided into three groups: very diffi cult (VD), diffi cult (D), and easy (E). The com¬plication at Satava class II was defi ned to be serious. One hundred thirty one cases with intraoperative serious complications were found (3.0%). The incidence of these complications was signifi cantly increased along with the diffi culty of the surgeries (P<0.05). The highest morbidity of serious complication belonged to total cystectomy with a ratio of about 17% as compared with other surgeries (P<0.05). The types of these complications included small vascular injury demanding blood transfusion (101 cases, 77.1%), large vascular (venous and artery) injury (16 cases), hypercapnia & acidosis (8 cases), and organ injury (6 cases). The cases of conversion to open surgery were 37 (≤1%). There was no signifi cant difference in the rates of conversion to open surgery among the three groups (P>0.05). The overall tendency of the intraoperative serious complications was decreasing with the time from 2005 to 2013. In conclusion, through standardized training including improving the surgical technique, being familiar with the anatomic relationship, and constantly summarizing the experience and lessons, laparoscopic surgery could be safe and effective with not only minimal invasion but also few complications.

Keywords: Urology; Laparoscopy; Intraoperative Complications

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