Effect of a high-fat diet on the rat bladder wall and bioactive action of Brazil nut oil

Vol. 45 (1): 161-168, January – February, 2019

doi: 10.1590/S1677-5538.IBJU.2018.0547


ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Aline Costa de Souza 1, Carla Braga Mano Gallo 1, Magna Cottini da Fonseca Passos 2, Carolina Croccia 3, Glauciane Lacerda Miranda 3, Francisco José Barcellos Sampaio 1, Bianca Martins Gregório 1
1 Unidade de Pesquisa Urogenital, Centro Biomédico, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil; 2 Departamento de Nutrição Aplicada, Instituto de Nutrição, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil; 3 Instituto de Nutrição Josue de Castro, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil

ABSTRACT

High-fat diet-induced obesity is associated with metabolic disorders. The Brazil nut has bioactive substances and has been used to control the damage caused by obesity in several organs. The work intended to show the damage caused by high-fat diet in the bladder wall and if the Brazil nut oil added to the diet could ameliorate or reverse this effect. Sixty-day-old rats were divided into two groups: C (control, n = 30) and HF (high-fat, n = 30) diets. At 90 days, 10 animals of each group were sacrificed. The others were divided into 4 groups: C and HF (animals that maintained their previous diet, n = 10 for each group) and C / Bno and HF / Bno (animals whose control or high-fat diet was supplemented by Brazil nut oil, n = 10 for each group). Sacrifice occurred at 120 days, and the bladders were removed and analyzed. Epithelial height was increased in the HF compared to the C group. In contrast, the C / Bno had a lower epithelial height compared to the others. The percentage of collagen between the detrusor muscle fibers was significantly greater in C / Bno, HF and HF / Bno than in control group. The HF had a larger muscle fiber diameter than the C group, while the C / Bno presented lower values than the HF and HF / Bno groups. HF diets induced bladder wall damage. These changes in the rat’s bladder wall were partially reversed by the Bno.

Keywords: Bladder; Nuts; Diet, High-Fat; Rats

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