Incidence of sepsis following transrectal ultrasound guided prostate biopsy at a tertiary-care medical center in Lebanon

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Vol. 42 (1): 60-68, January – February, 2016

doi: 10.1590/S1677-5538.IBJU.2014.0607


ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Incidence of sepsis following transrectal ultrasound guided prostate biopsy at a tertiary-care medical center in Lebanon

Mohammed Shahait 1, Jad Degheili 1, Fadi El-Merhi 2, Hani Tamim 3, Rami Nasr 1
1 Department of Surgery, American University of Beirut Medical Center, Beirut, Lebanon; 2 Department of Radiology, American University of Beirut Medical Center, Beirut, Lebanon; 3 Department of Internal Medicine and Clinical Research Institute, American University of Beirut Medical Center, Beirut, Lebanon


ABSTRACT

Background: Urosepsis is a rare but life-threatening complication following transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) guided needle prostate biopsy. Despite the technological and pharmacological improvements, the problem of bacterial urosepsis after prostate biopsy remains. A strategy for preventing urosepsis following TRUS prostate biopsy in areas with high prevalence of resistant strains or patients presenting risk factors is lacking.
Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of urosepsis, as well its predictors, following TRUS guided needle biopsy of the prostate in a tertiary care medical center in Lebanon.
Materials and Methods: We carried out a retrospective study on all patients who underwent TRUS prostate biopsy at the American University of Beirut Medical Center between January 1, 2011 and June 31, 2013. Patients’ hospital charts were reviewed.
Data collected included demographic information, pre-procedure disease specific information, as well as post-procedure information. Predictors of urosepsis following TRUS were assessed.
Results: In total, 265 patients were included in this study, where the prevalence of urosepsis following TRUS prostate biopsy was found to be 9.4%. The significant independent predictors of urosepsis were found to be: age with an OR=0.93 (95% CI:0.88–1.00, p-value=0.03), and hypertension comorbidity with an OR=3.25 (95% CI:1.19–8.85, p-value=0.02).
Conclusion: We found a high prevalence of urosepsis among patients who have undergone TRUS prostate biopsy, and identified two significant risk factors. The results of this study highlight the importance of implementing strategies for prevention of urosepsis following TRUS prostate biopsy.

Keywords: Prostate; Biopsy; Ultrasonography; Sepsis; Neoplasms

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