Use and outcomes of amplatz renal dilator for treatment of urethral strictures

Vol. 42 (2): 356-364, March – April, 2016

doi: 10.1590/S1677-5538.IBJU.2014.0578


ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Use and outcomes of amplatz renal dilator for treatment of urethral strictures

Ali Akkoc 1, Cemil Aydin 1, Mahir Kartalmıs 2, Ramazan Topaktas 1, Selcuk Altin 1, Yakup Yilmaz 1

1 Department of Urology, Gazi Yasargil Education and Research Hospital, Diyarbakir, Turkey; 2 Department of Urology, Selahaddin Eyyubi State Hospital, Diyarbakir, Turkey


ABSTRACT

Introduction: Urethral stricture disease is still a major problem in men. Many procedures are available for the treatment of urethral strictures; urethral dilatation is one of the oldest. The blind dilatation of urethral strictures may be a difficult and potentially dangerous procedure. The purpose of this study was to describe safe urethral dilatation using amplatz renal dilator and to report outcomes.
Materials and Methods: From 2010 to 2014, a total of 26 men with primary urethral strictures were managed by urethral dilatation using amplatz renal dilators. The parameters analyzed included presentation of patients, retrograde urethrography (RGU) findings, pre-and postoperative maximum flow rate (Qmax) on uroflowmetry (UF) and post-void residual urine (PVR). Patients were followed-up at 1.6 and 12 months. The technique described in this paper enables such strictures to be safely dilated after endoscopic placement of a suitable guidewire and stylet over which amplatz renal dilators are introduced.
Results: The mean age of the patients was 57.6 (35-72) years. The median stricture length was 0.82 (0.6-1.5)cm. Pre-operative uroflowmetry showed Qmax of 7.00 (4-12)mL/sec and ultrasonography showed PVR of 75.00 (45-195)mL. Postoperatively, Qmax improved to 18.00 (15-22)mL/sec (p<0.001) at 1 month, 17.00 (13-21)mL/sec (p<0.001) at 6 months and 15.00 (12-17)mL/sec (p<0.001) at 12 months. The post-operative PVR values were 22.50 (10-60)mL (p<0.001), 30.00 (10-70)mL (p<0.001) and 30.00 (10-70)mL (p<0.001) at 1.6 12 months, respectively. The median procedure time was 15.00 (12-22) minutes. None of the patients had a recurrence during a 12-month period of follow-up.
Conclusion: Urethral dilatation with amplatz renal dilators avoids the risks associated with blind dilatation techniques. This tecnique is a safe, easy, well-tolerated and cost-effective alternative for treatment of urethral strictures.

Keywords: Urethral Stricture; Dilatation; Surgical Procedures, Operative

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