The effect of AST/ALT (De Ritis) ratio on survival and its relation to tumor histopathological variables in patients with localized renal cell carcinoma

Vol. 43 (x): 2017 November 11.[Ahead of print]

doi: 10.1590/S1677-5538.IBJU.2017.0173


ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Lütfi Canat 1, Hasan Anil Ataly 1, Samir Agalarov 1, İlter Alkan 1, Fatih Alturende 1
1 Department of Urology, Okmeydani Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey

 

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To assess the relationship between De Ritis (aspartate aminotransaminase [AST]/Alanine aminotransaminase [ALT]) ratio and pathological variables and whether it is an independent prognostic factor.

Materials and Methods: We analyzed 298 consecutive patients who underwent radical or partial nephrectomy for non-metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) between 2006 and 2015. The association between De Ritis ratio and pathological variables including tumor size, presence of renal vein invasion, vena cava invasion, renal capsule infiltration, Gerota fascia invasion, renal sinus involvement, renal pelvic invasion, angiolymphatic invasion, adrenal gland involvement, lymph node involvement, tumor necrosis, and Fuhrman’s grade was tested. Multivariable Cox analysis was performed to evaluate the impact of this ratio on overall survival and cancer-specific survival.

Results: An increased preoperative De Ritis ratio was significantly associated with renal vein invasion, renal capsule infiltration and renal pelvis involvement (p<0.05) in non-metastatic RCC. On multivariate analysis we found that tumor size, Fuhrman grade and lymph node involvement were independent prognostic factors for cancerspecific survival. AST/ALT ratio had no influence on the risk of overall and cancerspecific survival.

Conclusion: An increased preoperative AST/ALT ratio had a significant association with renal vein invasion, renal capsule infiltration and renal pelvis involvement in patients with non-metastatic RCC. However, it does not appear to be an independent prognostic marker in non-metastatic RCC.

Keywords: Prognosis; Survival; Pathology

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