Lowering positive margin rates at radical prostatectomy by color coding of biopsy specimens to permit individualized preservation of the neurovascular bundles: is it feasible? a pilot investigation

Vol. 44 (x): 2018 April 4.[Ahead of print]

doi: 10.1590/S1677-5538.IBJU.2017.0328


ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Leslie A. Deane 1, Wei Phin Tan 1, Andrea Strong 1, Megan Lowe 1, Nency Antoine 1, Ritu Ghai 1, Shahid Ekbal 1
1 Department of Urology, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL, USA

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate whether color-coding of prostate core biopsy specimens aids in preservation of the neurovascular bundles from an oncological perspective.

Materials and Methods: MRI guided transrectal ultrasound and biopsy of the prostate were performed in 51 consecutive patients suspected of being at high risk for harboring prostate cancer. Core specimens were labeled with blue dye at the deep aspect and red dye at the superficial peripheral aspect of the core. The distance from the tumor to the end of the dyed specimen was measured to determine if there was an area of normal tissue between the prostate capsule and tumor.

Results: Of the 51 patients undergoing prostate biopsy, 30 (58.8%) were found to have cancer of the prostate: grade group 1 in 13.7%, 2 in 25.5%, 3 in 7.8%, 4 in 7.8% and 5 in 3.9% of the cohort. A total of 461 cores were analyzed in the cohort, of which 122 showed cancer. Five patients opted to undergo robotic assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy. No patients had a positive surgical margin (PSM) or extra prostatic ex­tension (EPE) on radical prostatectomy if there was a margin of normal prostatic tissue seen between the dye and the tumor on prostate biopsy.

Conclusion: Color-coding of prostate biopsy core specimens may assist in tailoring the approach for preservation of the neurovascular bundles without compromising early oncological efficacy. Further study is required to determine whether this simple modi­fication of the prostate biopsy protocol is valuable in larger groups of patients.

Keywords: Robotic Surgical Procedures; Prostatectomy; Laparoscopy

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