Vol. 42 (2): 277-283, March – April, 2016
Laparoendoscopic single site surgery in pediatric urology: does it require specialized tools?
Nishant Patel 1, Michael Santomauro 2, Sarah Marietti 3, George Chiang 3
1 Department of Urology, University of California San Diego Health System, San Diego, California; 2 Institute of Urology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California; 3 UCSD Department of Urology, Rady Children’s Specialists Pediatric Urology, San Diego, California
Purpose: To describe our experience utilizing Laparoendoscopic single site (LESS) surgery in pediatric urology.
Materials and Methods: Retrospective chart review was performed on LESS urologic procedures from November 2009 through March 2013. A total of 44 patients underwent 54 procedures including: nephrectomy (23), orchiopexy (14), varicocelectomy (9), orchiectomy (2), urachal cyst excision (3), and antegrade continence enema (3) (ACE).
Results: Median patient age was 6.9 years old. Estimated blood loss (EBL), ranged from less than 5cc to 47cc for a bilateral nephrectomy. Operative time varied from 56 mins for varicocelectomy to a median of 360 minutes for a bilateral nephroureterectomy. Incision length ranged between 2 and 2.5cm. In our initial experience we used a commercial port. However, as we progressed, we were able to perform the majority of our procedures via adjacent fascial punctures for instrumentation at the single incision site. One patient did require conversion to an open procedure as a result of bleeding. Three complications were noted (6.8%), with two Clavien Grade 3b complications. Two patients required additional procedures at 1-year follow-up.
Conclusions: The use of LESS applies to many pediatric urologic procedures, ideally for ablative procedures or simple reconstructive efforts. The use of adjacent fascial puncture sites for instrumentation can obviate the need for a commercial port or multiple trocars.
Keywords: Laparoscopy; Pediatrics; Surgical Procedures, Operative; Urology