Is [f-18]-fluorodeoxyglucose fdg-pet/ct better than ct alone for the preoperative lymph node staging of muscle invasive bladder cancer?

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Vol. 42 (2): 234-241, March – April, 2016

doi: 10.1590/S1677-5538.IBJU.2014.0579


ORIGINAL ARTICLE


Is [f-18]-fluorodeoxyglucose fdg-pet/ct better than ct alone for the preoperative lymph node staging of muscle invasive bladder cancer?

Mete Uttam 1, Nayak Pravin 1, Bhattacharya Anish 2, Kakkar Nandita 3, Mandal Arup 1
1 Department of Urology, PGIMER, Chandigarh; 2 Department of Nuclear Medicine PGIMER, Chandigarh; 3 Department of Histopathology, PGIMER, Chandigarh

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate whether the use of [F-18]-FDG-PET/CT can accurately predict pelvic lymph node metastasis in patients with muscle invasive TCC of the bladder undergoing radical cystectomy.
Materials and Methods: Fifteen patients with muscle invasive bladder cancer had undergone FDG-PET/CT scan from the skull base to the mid-thighs after IV injection of 6.5MBq (Mega-Becquerel)/Kg of FDG. After intravenous hydration IV furosemide was given to overcome the difficulties posed by urinary excretion of 18F-FDG. PET/CT data were analyzed as PET and CT images studied separately as well as fused PET/CT images. The imaging findings were correlated with the histopathology of the nodes (gold standard).
Results: CT and FDG-PET had demonstrated positive lymph nodes in 9 & 8 patients respectively. Among the 15 patients 3 had documented metastasis on histopathology. Both CT and PET could detect the nodes in all these 3 patients (100% sensitivity). Nodes were histologically negative amongst 6&5 patients who had node involvement by CT and PET respectively. Therefore, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV) & negative predictive value (NPV) for CT and PET/CT were 50%, 33.3%, and 100% and 58.3%, 37.5%, and 100% respectively.
Conclusion: The theoretical advantage of this cutting edge technology for whole body imaging has not been translated into clinical practice as we found minimal advantage of combined FDG-PET/CT over CT alone for nodal staging of muscle invasive bladder cancer. This may be due to substantial overlap between standardized uptake values (SUVs) from active inflammatory processes with those of malignant lesion.

Keywords: Urinary Bladder Neoplasms; Positron-Emission Tomography; Tomography, X-Ray Computed; Carcinoma, Transitional Cell

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