Vol. 43 (x): 2017 July 7.[Ahead of print]
Erdal Benli 1, Sema Nur Ayyildiz 2, Selma Cirrik 3, Tevfik Noyan 2, Ali Ayyildiz 4, Abdullah Cirakoglu 1
1 Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine, Ordu University, Ordu, Turkey; 2 Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Ordu University, Ordu, Turkey; 3 Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Ordu University, Ordu, Turkey; 4 Department of Urology, Research and Training Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
Aim: URS is a very commonly used procedure for treatment of ureter stones. Increased hydrostatic pressure in the collecting system linked to fluids used during the procedure may cause harmful effects on the kidney. The aim of this study is to determine whether the URS procedure has a negative effect on the kidney by investigating NGAL, KIM-1, FABP and Cys C levels in urine.
Material and Methods: This study included 30 patients undergoing ureterorenoscopy (URS) for ureter stones. Urine samples were collected 5 times; before the URS procedure (control) and at 1, 3, 5 and 12 hours following the procedure. NGAL, KIM-1, FBAP and Cys C levels were measured in urine and compared with the control values.
Results: The NGAL levels in urine before the procedure and at 1, 3, 5 and 12 hours after the procedure were 34.59±35.34; 62.72±142.32; 47.15±104.48; 45.23±163.16 and 44.99±60.79ng/mL, respectively (p=0.001). Similarly, the urinary KIM-1, FABP and Cys C levels were found to increase compared to control values; however this increase did not reach statistical significance (p >0.05).
Conclusions: After the URS procedure, there were important changes in NGAL, FABP, KIM-1 and Cys C levels. These changes reached statistical significance for NGAL, but did not reach significance for the other parameters. In conclusion, the URS procedure significantly affects the kidney; however, this effect disappears over time.
Keywords: Acute Kidney Injury; Kidney; Lithotripsy